MOZAMBIQUE - PRESCHOOL - 2019
Based on the fact of lack of equipment we placed the main masses based on the topography to have as less ground-leveling as possible. We turned the axis of buildings perpendicular to the slope and created a facade facing the direction of arriving students and indicating the institution behind the main facade. There is no fence before the main facade – the building itself gives protection to the children.
In the design we aspired to make the system of buildings and circulation as easy and understandable as possible while creating spaces with different atmospheres. There are no stairs in childrens area, we used different colours to distinguish between interior and exterior spaces and created light and shadow with the reed ceiling and perforated walls.
There are two main masses divided to educational and non-educational building. The public spaces such as entrance courtyard and orchard separates the two while the non-educational buldings are protected from the hot and dusty wind by the orchard. The educational mass has its own courtyard which organises the classrooms and the 90 degree rotation system makes it more private and protected. As for the non-educational mass, having the offices building next to the main entrance is also a protective element. The non-educational mass has a maintenance courtyard inaccessible for children. Our solution for ventilation of the pantry is having perforated CEB walls, and placing it on the southern part of the plot in orther to get the least of the sun light.
In the project we used local materials such as wood, clay, rock and timber. Besides having the least impact on environment and easy accessibility of materials the benefit of working with these is that local volunteers can learn construction methods and use the knowledge for their own constructions. We present two different construcion solutions (as the two structural models are visible on the first sheet) to choose from -like a roofing system for educational spaces and one for the rainwater collecting areas . Another reason for using local materials is giving identity to the
design and make the institution adaptable for the children. Lastly besides using the mechanical systems required for the functioning of the preschool– solar thermal panels, solar panels etc.- in the non-educational area we created a rainwater collecting system. The whole mass is covered with corrugated metal sheet roofing and a gutter system leads the rainwater to the two cisternas where the school can contain and have fresh water even during the dry season.